Disarming Violence

Disarming Violence: Decommissioning and the Northern Irish Peace Process


Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

  • Amaral, Joanna. “Do peace negotiations shape settlement referendums? The Annan Plan and Good Friday Agreement experiences compared.” Cooperation and Conquest, Vol. 53, No. 3, (2018), 356-374.
  • Brew, Paul. Northern Ireland: A Chronology of the Troubles, 1968-1999. Rev. Ed. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1999.

  • Deutsche, Richard. “The Good Friday Agreement: Assessing Its Implementation 1998-2001.” Nordic Irish Studies, Vol. 1 (2002), 95-109.

  • English, Richard. Armed Struggle: A History of the IRA. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

  • Findley, Michael G. and Young, Joseph K. “Terrorism, Spoiling, and the Resolution of Civil Wars.” The Journal of Politics, Vol. 77 No. 4 (2015), 1115-1128.

  • Kreutz, Joakim. “How and When Armed Conflicts End: Introducing the UCDP Conflict Termination Dataset.” Journal of Peace Research, 47(2): 243-250.

  • MacGinty, Roger. Guns and Government: The Management of the Northern Ireland Peace Process. New York: Palgrave, 2002.

  • Sens, Andrew D. “A Commission to Decommission Paramilitary Arms: Northern Ireland’s Example.” World Policy Journal, Vol. 23 No. 4 (2006), 75-85.

  • Tannam, Etain. “Explaining the Good Friday Agreement: A Learning Process.” Government and Opposition, Vol. 36 No. 4 (2001). 493-518.

  • Von Tangen Page, Michael. “Arms Decommissioning and the Northern Ireland Peace Agreement.” Security Dialogue, Vol. 29 No. 4 (1998), 409-420.

  • Zhukov, Yuri M. “Taking Away the Guns: Forcible Disarmament and Rebellion,” Journal of Peace Research, 53: 2 (March 2016), 242-258.


Home Page: 

Milmo, Cahal, and Browne, Mick. “Shankill Road Bombing: M15 failed to act on IRA tip-off that may have prevented Belfast atrocity, investigation claims.” The Independent, 25 January 2016. Retrieved 2 May, 2022. Image size 1200 x 900. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/shankill-road-bombing-mi5-ignored-ira-tipoff-that-could-have-prevent-belfast-atrocity-investigation-claims-a6833541.html.


Traditions of Violence:

“IRA Poster 1974,” Examples of IRA Posters, CAIN Archive. CAIN Web Service. Accessed 3 March 2022. Image Size 1266×1734. https://cain.ulster.ac.uk/images/posters/ira/index.html.

“Resistance,” Examples of IRA Posters, CAIN Archive. CAIN Web Service. Accessed 3 March 2022. Image Size 1231×831.  https://cain.ulster.ac.uk/images/posters/ira/index.html.


Weapons of the Paramilitaries:

Davenport, Mark. “Garda concerned IRA weapons would go to criminals, declassified files show.” The Irish Times, 29 December, 2020. Retrieved 2 May, 2022. Image Size 1440×809. https://www.irishtimes.com/news/crime-and-law/garda-concerned-ira-weapons-would-go-to-criminals-declassified-files-show-1.4444734.


Decommissioning and the Peace Process:

Mallon, Seamus. “It was John Hume, not Sinn Fein, who steered Northern Ireland to peace.” The Irish Times, 21 November 2017. Retrieved 2 May, 2022. Image Size 620×330. https://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/it-was-john-hume-not-sinn-fein-who-steered-northern-ireland-to-peace-1.3299637.


Disposing of Weapons:

“The IRA puts its arms beyond use in 2005 decommissioning process.” The Irish Times, 25 September 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2022. Image Size 1440×1067. https://www.irishtimes.com/news/ireland/irish-news/the-ira-puts-its-arms-beyond-use-in-2005-decommissioning-process-1.2366526.


Dissident Violence:

Picture by Alan Lewis, “More tragedy for Omagh bomb family,” The Irish News, 15 July 2019. Accessed 25 April 2022. Image Size 885×560.  https://www.irishnews.com/news/northernirelandnews/2019/07/15/news/more-tragedy-for-omagh-bomb-family-1662853/